The Golden Sickle: An Introduction to Contemporary Druidry Zobacz większe

The Golden Sickle: An Introduction to Contemporary Druidry

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The aim of The Golden Sickle, is to present the history of Druidism, from the ancient Roman and Greek testimonies on the Druids, to the revival of the Druidic myth in English literature and 19th-century British paramasonic Druidic orders, to the core issue of the book – presenting a panorama of modern Druidic movements, and answering the question of who modern Druids are and what do they believe?

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88,00 zł

Opis

Autor Adam Anczyk
Język angielski
Rok 2014
Oprawa miękka
Format 140x205mm
Strony 368
ISBN 978-83-938791-1-3

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In the ancient sources, Druids are presented both as philosophers and sages who “likewise discuss and impart to the youth many things respecting the stars and their motion, respecting the extent of the world and of our earth, respecting the nature of things, respecting the power and the majesty of the immortal gods.” (Caesar, De bel. Gal., VI, 14), and on the other hand, as blood sacrifcers of a religion in which „to murder a man was to do an act of the greatest devoutness, and to eat his flesh was to secure the highest blessings of health.” (Plinius Secundus, Nat. Hist., XXX, 4). Throughout its history, the Druid myth has undergone many transformations; the information on the alleged blood sacrifices passed by the ancients authors with time became forgotten, and the image of a Druid as a philosopher and expert on nature and its secrets stepped to the foreground.

The aim of “The Golden Sickle",is to present the history of Druidism, from the ancient Roman and Greek testimonies on the Druids, to the revival of the Druidic myth in English literature and 19th-century British paramasonic Druidic orders, to the core issue of the book – presenting a panorama of modern Druidic movements, and, therefore, answering the question of “who modern Druids are and what do they believe”. Religious studies experts place contemporary Druidry among Neo-Pagan movements, as well as in the broader category of new religious movements. Modern Druidic organizations were established between 1960 and 1980 in the UK and the US (the largest include the British Order of Bards, Ovates and Druids and American Ár nDraíocht Féin: A Druid Fellowship, however, one must remember that these two organizations are international and embrace members basically from every continent). Modern Druidry may take the form of a pan-religious spirituality (OBOD), open to everyone regardless of their creed, or the form of a new religion, a rebirth of the “Pagan spirit" based on the Celtic, but also Indo-European, heritage (ADF). Modern followers and sympathizers of Druidism view the natural world in terms of the sacred; they perform rituals during solstices and equinoxes in its honor; many of them believe in a spiritual or mystical side of reality and oppose fundamentalism in any form. They are a permanent part of the European cultural landscape, as evidenced by, among others, recognizing Druidism by the British Charity Commission (2010) as a fully-fledged religion, meeting the criteria for registration as a charity organization, as well as including elements of a Druidic ritual into the London 2012 Paralympic Games closing ceremony.

Table of contents

  • Chapter I: Druides, Druidai, Druií
    • Druids and Archeology
    • Celtic Religions
    • The Secrets of Oak and Mistletoe
    • The Earliest References to Druids
    • Druids As Seen By The Invaders
    • The Mystery of A Druidess
    • Druids in the Celtic Mythology
    • Wizards and Sorcerers
  • Chapter II: The Story of a Myth
    • Birth or Revival?
    • The works of Iolo Morganwg
    • The Discreet Charm of Secret Societies
    • Druids Come out of the Closet
    • Deconstruction of the Myth at the Beginning of the New Ag
  • Chapter III: Faces of Modern Druidism
    • The Interlude: Neo-Paganism
    • Neo-Paganism Through the Eyes of Its Researchers
    • The British Tradition: Druidism from the Border of Two Eras
    • Druidry, New Age and Psychotherapy
    • An Autocratic Anarchy? The Structure of the Order of Bards, Ovates and Druids
    • Druidry as a Pan-Religious Form of Spirituality
    • Druidic Rituals And the (Holy) Motion of the Earth
    • The British Druid Order: Animism, Polytheism, Shamanism
    • Contemporary European Druidism. A Recapitulation
    • Druidry "American Style" – From a Students' Night Out to Fervent Worship
    • Isaac Bonewits – the Founding Father
    • Our Own Druidism – the Birth of a Religion
    • Congregationalism and Constitutional Monarchy – the Ár nDraíocht Féin Organizational Structure
    • Everyday Life in Ár nDraíocht Féin
    • Variations on a Theme: Celtic-Only Druidism and "Druidry Without Druids"
    • Celtic Reconstructionism
    • American Druidry – Summary
  • Chapter IV: Psychosocial Aspects of Contemporary Druidry
    • The OBOD and ADF – Cultural Accommodation of Religious Content
    • Druidry in Social Sphere
    • Examples of Druids in the (Popular) Culture
    • Druidic World View: Nature, Myth and Identity
    • Reasons for Interest in Modern Druidry: "Conversion" and Its Motives
    • Reason I: Tradition
    • Reason II: Nature
    • Reason III: Tolerance
    • Reason IV: Mystery
    • Summary: the M-TNT Model
    • Concluding Remarks
  • Endnotes
  • Bibliography